Medical Professions Resources Directory: Radiologist
How To Become a Radiologist
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There are many different sub-specialties that are involved in radiology. Those are: breat imaging (treatment of breast diseases and conditions unique to women), cardiovascular (concerned with diagnosis and treatment of diseases of the vascular (blood vessels) system), chest (check for diseases of the thorax, especially the heart of lungs), computed tomography (using computerized radiologic equipment that demonstrates both bone and soft tissues, including organs, muscles, and tumors), diagnostic radiology (aiding in diagnosis using radiology), emergency (diagnostic imaging of emergency trauma or non-traumatic emergency conditions), gastrointestinal (the stomach and intestines), genitourinary (radiology of the organs of the reproductive and urinary tracts), head and neck (diagnostic radiology of diseases of the head and neck), interventional (uses fluoroscopy, CT, and ultrasound to guide passage through the skin by needle puncture, including introduction of wires and catheters for performing procedures like biopsies, draining fluids, inserting catheters, or dilating or stenting narrowed ducts or vessels), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI – diagnostic radiological modality using nuclear magnetic resonance technology. MRI uses radio waves and a strong magnetic field rather than x-rays to provide clear and detailed pictures of internal organs and tissues), musculoskeletal (radiology of diseases of the muscles and the skeleton), neuroradiology (radiology of diseases of the central nervous system, head, and neck), nuclear medicine (diagnostic and therapeutic uses of radionuclide's excluding the therapeutic use of sealed radiation sources), pediatric radiology (radiological manifestations of diseases of children), physicist (diagnostic and safe use of applications of x-rays, gamma rays, electron and charged particle beams, neutrons and radiations from sealed radionuclide sources; relating to the equipment associated with their production, use, measurement and evaluation and instrumentation required to perform appropriate radiation surveys; relating to the quality of images resulting from their production and use; and relating to medical health physics), radiobiology (The branch of radiology or pathology concerned with the effects of radiation on cells and tissues), ultrasound (use of high frequency sound waves and other techniques for medical diagnosis).
A radiological technologist operates the radiographic equipment to produce images. This includes explaining the procedure to the patient and obtain cooperation, positioning the patient on the examining table, and adjusting immobilization devices to obtain optimum views of specific body areas.
Normally a technologist had around 1-4 years of formal training that leads to a certificate, associates or a bachelor's degree. Since a technologist has additional specialized training they can almost work exclusively with specialized radiographic equipment. Radiographic Technologists are certified by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists.
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